Do the exercises your physical therapist gave you.
Most of the complications that arise after a hip surgery can be avoided by getting out of bed and walking as soon as possible. Use a walker or a cane to assist you in getting up and down, and with walking for a while. It is important that you not sit for more than 45 minutes at a time. When you do sit, keep your feet flat on the floor, toes pointed out slightly, and don’t cross your legs. Do not been at the waist or hips to pick things up.
Do not sleep on your stomach, or the side you had surgery on for a while.
Preparing the house:
Do a thorough check around the house and look for the following hazards:
-Throw rugs: the number one cause of falls, re-injury, and hospital re-admission are loose throw rugs. Sometimes we have a false sense of necessity associated with loose rugs, or maybe an emotional attachment to a particular rug. If you feel the rug is in an area that is slippery to begin with, either tape down the rug with carpet tape, or better yet, remove it and put down anti-slip strips in the area of concern.
-Put Hand rails in the shower or tub, and buy a shower seat.
-Get a raised toilet seat for the bathroom so you don’t have to bend so far to get up and down.
-Keep small pets out of your home, if you have a beloved Chihuahua, let him stay with a friend while you recover.
-Fix uneven floodways, and keep adequate lighting, including nightlights in the bedroom, bathroom and kitchens. Keep a good flashlight near your bed in case of a power outage.
-If your bedroom is upstairs, set up a bed on the first floor so you don’t have to use stairs. Have a bathroom or portable commode on the first floor as well.
-Put things within easy reach, and have a phone near your bed that is easy to reach
-Do not sit in chairs that put your knees higher than your hips, and make sure the chairs you use have armrests to help you get in and out.
Signs to look for after the surgery:
Some leakage, dark colored secretions, are normal for a few days after you get home. But if any of these symptoms persist for more than 3 days, call the doctor:
-Drainage, redness, foul odor, or pain that is not alleviated by your pain medication.
-Shortness of breath, frequent urination, swelling in your legs or pain below the incision.
-Fever higher than 101 degrees
-Blood in your urine or stool
If you are a family caregiver, learning and looking out for these things can help your patient achieve a full and speedy recovery. If you are a patient without support at home, hire a nursing supervised caregiver from a reputable agency to assist you in your recovery.
*Thanks to the National Institutes of Health, and C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopedic